Publication


Respiratory research 17, 1 (2016).
Risk factors for an acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

著者

Tomoyuki Kakugawa , Noriho Sakamoto , Shuntaro Sato , Hirokazu Yura , Tatsuhiko Harada , Shota Nakashima , Atsuko Hara , Keishi Oda , Hiroshi Ishimoto , Kazuhiro Yatera , Yuji Ishimatsu , Yasushi Obase , Shigeru Kohno , Hiroshi Mukae

カテゴリ

学術論文

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbations of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis are major causes of morbidity and mortality among patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. However, acute exacerbations remain unpredictable. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for acute exacerbations of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis who visited our institutions from January 1999 to September 2014. We investigated risk factors for acute exacerbations in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis diagnosed retrospectively based on the official 2011 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis ATS/ERS/JRS/ALAT Update Statement. RESULTS: The idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis study cohort included 65 subjects. The median follow-up period was 2.6 years. During follow-up, 24 patients (36.9 %) experienced acute exacerbations. A Kaplan-Meier curve demonstrated that the 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year incidences of acute exacerbation were 9.6, 19.2 and 31.0 %, respectively. Acute exacerbation exerted a significant impact on overall survival among those with the disease. A log-rank test showed that baseline cardiovascular diseases, higher GAP (gender, age, physiology) stage (≥II), higher serum lactate dehydrogenase level (≥180 U/L), higher serum surfactant protein-D level (≥194.7 ng/mL), higher neutrophil (≥1.77 %) and eosinophil (≥3.21 %) percentages in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples, and treatment with an immunosuppressive agent after diagnosis were associated with poor acute exacerbation-free probability. In the Cox analysis adjusted for treatment with an immunosuppressive agent, baseline cardiovascular diseases, higher GAP stage (≥II), and higher eosinophil percentage (≥3.21 %) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples were predictors of an acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that baseline cardiovascular diseases, higher GAP stage (≥II), and higher eosinophil percentage (≥3.21 %) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples were associated with the onset of an acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.