INTERNAL MEDICINE 49, 15, 1609 - 1611 (2010).
Sarcoidosis in a Patient with Systemic Sclerosis and Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
Noriho Sakamoto , Yuji Ishimatsu , Tomoyuki Kakugawa , Atsuko Hara , Shintaro Hara , Misato Amenomori , Hanako Fujita , Hiroshi Mukae , Shigeru Kohno
A 73-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with systemic sclerosis was admitted for further examination of bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy. Sarcoidosis was confirmed based on elevated serum levels of angiotensin-converting enzyme, a high proportion of lymphocytes and a high CD4/CD8 ratio in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, abnormal (67)Gallium uptake in the mediastinum and noncaseating granulomas in skin biopsy specimens. In addition, high levels of antimitochondrial M2 antibodies and alkaline phosphatase indicated primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Here we describe a rare triplex of sarcoidosis, SSc and PBC. Although the etiology of this complex remains unknown, these three diseases might share some pathogenesis.