Surgical Endoscopy (2021).
Underbody blankets have a higher heating effect than overbody blankets in lithotomy position endoscopic surgery under general anesthesia: a randomized trial


Kentaro Hara, Hiromi Kuroda, Emi Matsuura, Yuji Ishimatsu, Sumihisa Honda, Hiroaki Takeshita, Terumitsu Sawai




Background Surgery under general anesthesia results in temperature decrease due to the effect of anesthetics and peripheral vasodilation on thermoregulatory centers. Perioperative temperature control is therefore an issue of high importance. In this study, we aimed to compare the warming effect of underbody and overbody blankets in patients undergoing surgery in the lithotomy position under general anesthesia. Methods From September 2018 to October 2019, 99 patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer in the lithotomy position were included in this randomized controlled trial and assigned to the intervention group (underbody blanket) or control group (overbody blanket). Results The central temperature was significantly higher in the underbody blanket group than in the overbody blanket group at 90 min after the beginning of the surgery (p = 0.02); also in this group, the peripheral temperature was significantly higher 60 min after the beginning of the surgery (p = 0.02). Regarding postoperative factors, the underbody blanket group had a significantly lower frequency of postoperative shivering (p < 0.01) and a significantly shorter postoperative hospital stay (p = 0.04) than the overbody blanket group. Conclusions We recommend the use of underbody blankets for intraoperative temperature control in patients undergoing surgery in the lithotomy position under general anesthesia. Underbody blankets showed improved rise and maintenance of central and peripheral temperature, decreased the incidence of postoperative shivering, and shortened the postoperative length of hospital stay.